Hair loss and Hair fall are two separate things. Hair fall is a natural daily occurrence. Human head contains over 100,000 hairs and one normally sheds 100 to 150 hairs a day. Hair loss on the other hand is primarily caused by a combination of ageing, a change in hormones and certain genetic factors that causes baldness. As a rule, the earlier hair loss begins, the more severe the baldness will become.
Burns or trauma can also cause hair loss in which case hair replacement is considered a restoration treatment.
The incidence of male pattern baldness or androgenic alopecia increases 10 percent per decade through a man’s life. There is typical pattern in receding hairline or thinning of hair at vetex.
The causes of female loss range often from iron deficiency to thyroid abnormalities to childbirth. This is usually a diffuse loss unlike male pattern. If a male pattern loss is seen in a woman, a male hormone excess is suspected. Blood tests and other investigations are needed for such patients.
For both sexes, hair loss causes diminished self-esteem, stress, anxiety, depression and feelings of social inadequacy.
HAIR TRANSPLANTATION PARAMETERS
It is this non-miniaturized hair on the back and sides that is surgically moved to the top of the head in the form of a tiny skin graft. Because the hair at the back of the head are genetically programmed to grow a lifetime, it will continue to grow even though it’s been transplanted to a different site.
HAIR TRANSPLANT CAN ALSO BE USED TO
1- cover scars in beard or moustache area
2- creation of eye brow after loss in burns
Under local anaesthesia, the donor hair grafts are harvested from a strip of skin taken from area between two ears. The strip is divided into small units (grafts), each containing one to three hairs – the follicular units. Then recipient sites are created in the area of hair loss by making small slits or holes in the bald skin. Each site is no bigger than the opening created by the needle used when blood is drawn from your arm. Then each of the grafts is carefully placed into each recipient site.
Three to four months later, the transplanted hair begins to grow and continues to grow a half inch per month for the rest of your life.
For the hair to look more natural and the hair transplant, the grafts are made very, very small, with only one follicular unit per graft, the density of the hair can be more evenly distributed to resemble a more natural look.
Patient can resume light work from third day onwards. Sutures are removed after 7 days. However, patient should not do any exercise for three weeks or shun any activity per se for that time period. One can have head bath from the 4th day. Crusts, scabs and effluvium fall off in next 4 weeks. No special care, medicines or frequent visits to doctor are required.
Now a days FUE or harvesting hair directly without cutting a strip is employed. This avoids scar at the back of the scalp and hassle of stitches and their removal.
DO HAIR TRANSPLANT REALLY WORK?
Hair transplantation is a proven surgery with assured results in properly selected patients. The transplanted hair really grows and it is for entire life. You can go for a hair cut and it regrows even after clean shave. Results depends on the number of grafts implanted. The onus of maintaining the transplant with adequate vitamins, proper diet, avoiding smoking and limiting alcohol intake lies on patient. You need to live healthy to look young.
HOW DOES HAIR TRANSPLANTATION WORK?
Hair transplantation is really about relocating (transplanting) the baldness resistant hair follicles from the back of the head to the balding areas on the top of the head. This process works for a lifetime because the hair follicles taken from the back of the head are genetically resistant to baldness, regardless of where they are relocated to.
WHEN WILL MY NEWLY TRANSPLANTED HAIR START TO GROW?
Normally it takes between three to five months following surgery before the transplanted hair follicles begin to grow new hair. The transplanted hair grows in very thin initially and gradually grows thicker and fuller over time. After one year a patient’s transplanted hair will be fully mature and will continue to grow for a life time.
ARE THE RESULTS PERMANENT?
Since the hair follicles that are transplanted to the balding areas are genetically resistant to going bald, they will continue to grow for a life time – just as if they had been left in the bald resistant donor area. As mentioned above, the onus lies on you to stay healthy and fit to maintain the transplant.